Equity Income Fund (DAEIX)

Dean Family of Fund's Small Cap Value, Mid Cap Value, and Equity Income Funds are distributed by Unified Financial Securities. All funds are open to investors.

Commentaries are for financial professional use only. Please contact info@chdean.com to obtain the password for the quarterly commentary.

Dean Equity Income Fund
BenchmarkRussell 1000 Value
Morningstar CategoryLarge Value
Fund Assets (as of 6/30/24)$85.0 Million
Minimum Initial Purchase$1,000
Minimum IRA Purchase$250
Estimated Gross Expense Ratio1.04%
Net Expense Ratio0.70%
Strategy / Mutual Fund Inception DatesJanuary 1, 2011 / November 22, 2022
Portfolio Guidelines
Market CapitalizationPrimarily > $10 billion
Number of Holdings40 - 60 Stocks
Sector Variance ± 15%
Security Max5% @ purchase 7% @ market
Typical top 10 concentration15% - 35%
Cash Exposure≤ 5%
Foreign Exposure≤ 10%

Why Equity Income Fund


Market leadership can lead to high returns on capital, high free cash flow generation, and high growth rates.


An emphasis on stocks that provide healthy dividend yields can add to total return, while helping mitigate downside risk in periods of market turmoil.


Combining rigorous attention to valuation, a quality focus, and an emphasis on dividend paying stocks can all lead to better performance in down markets.


Overall portfolio characteristics are consistently large cap, but the fund is able to look for opportunities down the market cap spectrum, taking advantage of underfollowed areas of the market where the investment team has decades of experience.

Our Investment Objective

The Dean Equity Income Fund seeks long-term capital appreciation and, secondarily, dividend income.

Our Investment Strategy

DMF Krumm and Skinner

The Fund will primarily invest in equity securities of U.S. large cap companies. The Fund considers “large cap” companies to be those with market capitalizations similar to companies listed on the Russell 1000 Value Index* at the time of investment. As of March 31, 2023, the market capitalization of companies listed on the Russell 1000 Value Index ranged from $536.7 million to $1,336.7 billion and the median was $11.7 billion.

Using fundamental, bottom-up research, the Fund’s portfolio manager utilizes a multi-factored valuation method to identify stocks of large cap companies that he believes are undervalued at the time of purchase. To identify these companies, the Fund’s portfolio manager looks for companies with earnings, cash flows and/or assets that he believes are not accurately reflected in the companies’ market values. The portfolio manager also considers various ratios, including the price-to-earnings or price-to-book value ratios and whether the companies’ securities have a favorable dividend and/or interest-paying history and whether such payments are expected to continue. The portfolio manager attempts to purchase the stocks of these undervalued companies and hold each stock until it has returned to favor in the market and the price has increased to, or is higher than, a level the portfolio manager believes more accurately reflects the fair value of the company.

The Fund seeks to preserve capital in down markets and to diversify its portfolio in traditional, as well as relative, value-oriented investments. The Fund may from time to time overweight its investments in certain market sectors.

The portfolio manager may sell stocks from the Fund’s portfolio if he believes:

• A stock no longer meets their valuation criteria

• A stock’s risk parameters outweigh its return opportunity

• More attractive alternatives are identified

• Specific events alter a stock’s prospects

Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its total assets (plus borrowings for investment purposes) in equity securities of U.S. large cap companies. This policy may be changed only upon at least 60 days’ advance notice to shareholders. Equity securities in which the Fund may invest include common stocks, securities convertible into common stocks (such as convertible bonds, convertible preferred stocks and warrants), equity real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), and master limited partnership interests (“MLPs”). The Fund may invest in the applicable securities directly, or indirectly through other investment companies (including exchange-traded funds) that invest primarily in such securities. The Fund may also invest in high grade government bonds of varying maturities, typically one to ten years. The Fund may from time to time overweight its investments in certain market sectors.

*The Russell 3000 Index measures the performance of the 3,000 largest U.S. companies based on total market capitalization, which represents approximately 96% of the investable U.S. equity market. The Russell 1000 Index is a subset of the Russell 3000 Index that includes approximately 1,000 of the largest companies in the U.S. equity universe. The Russell 1000 Value Index measures the performance of the 1,000 largest U.S. companies based on total market capitalization with lower price-to-book ratios and lower forecasted growth values.

Principal Risks

All investments involve risks, and the Fund cannot guarantee that it will achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund is not insured or guaranteed by any government agency. As with any mutual fund investment, the Fund’s returns and share price will fluctuate, and you may lose money by investing in the Fund. Below are some of the specific risks of investing in the Fund.
  • Market and Geopolitical Risk. The increasing interconnectivity between global economies and financial markets increases the likelihood that events or conditions in one region or financial market may adversely impact issuers in a different country, region or financial market. Securities in the Fund’s portfolio may underperform due to inflation (or expectations for inflation), interest rates, global demand for particular products or resources, natural disasters, climate change and climate related events, pandemics, epidemics, terrorism, regulatory events and governmental or quasi-governmental actions. The occurrence of global events similar to those in recent years, such as terrorist attacks around the world, natural disasters, social and political discord or debt crises and downgrades, among others, may result in market volatility and may have long term effects on both the U.S. and global financial markets. There is a risk that you may lose money by investing in the Fund.
  • COVID-19 Risk. The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic and the responses taken by many governments resulted in travel restrictions, closed international borders, enhanced health screenings, disruption and delays in healthcare services, prolonged quarantines, cancellations, temporary store closures, social distancing, government ordered curfews and business closures, disruptions to supply chains and consumer activity, shortages, highly volatile financial markets, and negative impacts, in many cases severe negative impacts, on markets worldwide. It is not known how long such impacts, or any future impacts of other significant events described above, will or would last, but there could be a prolonged period of global economic shutdown, which may impact your Fund investments.
  • Large Cap Company Risk. Larger, more established companies may be unable to attain the high growth rates of successful, smaller companies during periods of economic expansion.
  • Active Management Risk. The portfolio manager’s judgments about the attractiveness, growth prospects and value of a particular asset class or individual security in which the Fund invests may prove to be incorrect and there is no guarantee that individual companies will perform as anticipated.
  • Sector Concentration Risk. The Fund may focus its investments in securities of a particular sector. Economic, legislative or regulatory developments may occur that significantly affect the sector. This may cause the Fund’s net asset value to fluctuate more than that of a fund that does not focus in a particular sector.
  • REIT Risk. The value of REITs can be negatively impacted by declines in the value of real estate, adverse general and local economic conditions and environmental problems. REITs are also subject to certain other risks related specifically to their structure and focus, such as: (a) dependency upon management’s skills; (b) limited diversification; (c) heavy cash flow dependency; (d) possible default by borrowers; and (e) in many cases, less liquidity and greater price volatility.
  • Publicly Traded Master Limited Partnership Risk. Investments in publicly traded MLPs are subject to various risks related to the underlying operating companies controlled by the MLPs, including dependence upon specialized management skills and the risk that the underlying companies may lack or have limited operating histories. The success of the Fund’s investments also will vary depending on the underlying industry represented by the MLP’s portfolio. For example, when the Fund invests in MLPs that invest in oil and gas companies, its return on the investment will be highly dependent on oil and gas prices, which can be highly volatile. Similarly, MLPs that invest in real estate typically are subject to risks similar to those of a REIT. Unlike ownership of common stock of a corporation, the Fund would have limited voting rights and have no ability annually to elect directors in connection with its investment in a MLP.
  • MLP Tax Risk. MLPs, typically, do not pay U.S. federal income tax at the partnership level. Instead, each partner is allocated a share of the partnership’s income, gains, losses, deductions and expenses. A change in current tax law or in the underlying business mix of a given MLP could result in an MLP being treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which would result in the MLP being required to pay U.S. federal income tax on its taxable income. The classification of an MLP as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes would have the effect of reducing the amount of cash available for distribution by the MLP. Thus, if any of the MLPs owned by the Fund were treated as corporations for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it could result in a reduction of the value of your investment in the Fund and lower income, as compared to an MLP that is not taxed as a corporation. In addition, if the Fund retains an MLP investment until basis is reduced to zero, subsequent distributions from the MLP will be taxable to the Fund at ordinary income rates. If an MLP in which the Fund invests amends its partnership tax return, shareholders may receive a corrected 1099 from the Fund which could in turn require shareholders to amend their own federal, state or local tax return. The Fund will not invest in MLP general partnership interests.
  • Fixed Income Securities Risk. If interest rates increase, the value of any fixed income securities held by the Fund may decline. Fixed income securities are also subject to credit risk, which is the risk that the issuer of the security may default on payment of principal or interest.
  • U.S. Government Securities Risk. It is possible that the U.S. Government would not provide financial support to its agencies or instrumentalities if it is not required to do so by law. If a U.S. Government agency or instrumentality in which the Fund invests defaults, and the U.S. Government does not stand behind the obligation, the Fund’s share price or yield could fall. Securities of certain U.S. Government sponsored entities, such as Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Government.
  • Issuer Cybersecurity Risk. Issuers of securities in which the Fund invests, counterparties with which the Fund engages in transactions, exchange and other financial market operators, banks, brokers, dealers and other financial institutions may experience cybersecurity breaches. These breaches may result in harmful disruptions to operations and may negatively impact the financial condition of an issuer or market participant. The Fund and its shareholders could be negatively impacted as a result.